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西南大学18秋[0481]大学英语B作业

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发表于 2018-9-30 12:41:18 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
0481
1、16.WithoutwaterfromtheNileRiver,Egypt______afarmingcountryandbecomeadesert.


    D.wouldceasebeing
    A.willceasetobe
    C.willceasebeing
    B.wouldceasetobe
参考答案:B.wouldceasetobe;
2、35.Casey:Hello?Fred:Hi,Stacey?Casey:ThisisCasey.__________Casey:Stacey,aguy.Stacey:Hello?ThisisStaceyspeaking.Fred:ThisisFred.
    A.Yougotthewrongperson.
    C.Whoisthisspeaking?
    B.Iamnotshe.
    D.Sheisinthekitchen.Justaminute,please.
参考答案:D.Sheisinthekitchen.Justaminute,please.;
3、31.Jason:So,Annie,whatdoyoudo?Annie:__________
    C.Iamanactor.
    D.Howdoyoudo?
    A.Iamcookingsomefruitpieforthebuffet.
    B.Iamfreenow.WhatcanIdoforyou?
参考答案:C.Iamanactor.;
4、7.GeneralManager:Ithinkthatisallforthecoffeebreak.Stopthejokesandletuscarryonwithourdiscussion.Johnny:Okay.__________GeneralManager:Nexttopicisabout…
    C.Let’sgettothepoint.
    A.Mypleasure.
    D.Cheers!
    B.I’mgladtohearthat.
5、23.Canyou______aninsecthavingeighteyesandstillhavingpooreyesight?
    A.imagine
    D.expect
    C.think
    B.suppose
6、37.Tomon’tforgettocometomybirthdaypartytomorrow.Jim:__________
    A.Idon’t.
    D.Ihaven’t.
    B.Iwon’t.
    C.Ican’t.
7、10.John:Mary,thisisJoe’sbrotherDavid.Mary:I’mverygladtomeetyou.David:It’sapleasuretomeetyou.Mary:__________David:It’sreallydifferentfromwhatIexpected.Johnon’tworry.You’llgetusedtoitinnotime.
    C.Howareyoudoingsofar?
    D.Wouldyoulikesometea?
    A.HowisJoe?
    B.HowdoyoulikeFloridasofar?
8、24.Fingerprintsformanunchangeablemark______despitechangesintheindividual’sappearanceorage.
    B.sign
    D.signature
    A.mark
    C.remark
9、62.Eachboyandgirl____givenagiftonChristmasDay.
    D.A.is
    B.are
    D.was
    C.were
10、26.Hisfailuretopayhisdebts______theiropinionthathewasnottobetrusted.
    C.convinced
    B.checked
    D.tested
    A.confirmed
11、34.Paul:__________Jasonhew!ThesebagsaresoheavythatIcannotgoononemorestep.Paul:Justputthemdown.Letmeopenthedoor.
    D.Okay,seeyoutomorrow.
    C.Hereweare!
    A.Hereyouare!
    B.Hereitis!
12、3.Larry:Whynotstayherealittlelonger?Mary:I’dloveto,butIreallyhavetogo.Thankyouforinvitingme.Larry:__________
    C.Pleasedtomeetyou.
    A.Well,hopetoseeyouagain.
    D.Itiseasytogettoyourplace.
    B.Ontopoftheworld,thanks.
13、18.Thereislittle,______,farminginthatareaandallyoucanseeismilesofwildcountryside.
    A.ifso
    C.ifno
    D.ifany
    B.ifsuch
14、64.Jimistheonlyoneofthestaffmemberswho____tobepromoted.
    B.D.hasbeen
    C.is
    A.are
    B.havebeen
15、63.NobodybutJackandJane____madegreatprogressintheclassrecently.
    D.hasbeen
    C.had
    A.have
    B.has
16、25.Ithinktheirplanwillwork,buttheythemselvesarevery______aboutit.
    C.confident
    D.doubtful
    B.suspicious
    A.certain
17、2.Tommy:Howiseverythingwithyou?John:__________
    D.Can’tcomplain.
    B.Theyaremuchbetterthanbefore.
    C.Yeah,it’sbeautiful.
    A.Andyou?
18、6.Jamie:Iamtakingmyfinalexaminationtomorrow.Lily:Oh,really?__________Jamie:Thankyouforyourgoodwish!
    C.Youmadeit.
    A.Congratulations!
    B.Goodluck!
    D.MayIhelpyou?
19、66.NotonlyhebutalsoI____toworkhardandpasstheexam.
    D.wanting
    A.want
    C.wanted
    B.wants
20、32.Interviewer:__________Interviewee:Notatall.Goaheadplease.
    D.Whydoyouchooseourcompany?
    B.WouldyoumindifIaskyouseveralquestions?
    C.Howdidyougettoknowourcompany?
    A.What’syourmajorinuniversity?
21、8.Doctor:__________Patient:Iamateacherforatrainingcenter.Doctoroyouoftengettired?Patient:Yes,sortof.
    A.Wheredoyouwork?
    C.Whatisyourjob?
    B.Howdoyoufeelnow?
    D.Whatisyouraddress?
22、38.Sandy:It’slovelytoday.Shallwegoandplayfootball?Bob:__________Whenshallwemeet?
    A.B.It’sverykindofyou.
    D.That’sagoodidea.
    A.Yes,weshall.
    C.Youareallright.
23、20.Thesingeronthestagehasayoung______faceandavoiceofan_____.
    D.boy’s...angel’s
    B.boy’s...angel
    A.boy...angel
    C.boy...angel’s
24、33.Lisa:__________Ben:Ihavebeenworkingasanaccountantforyears.
    D.Canyoutellmewhereyouarefrom?
    A.What’syouroccupation?
    C.Whataboutworkingforourcompany?
    B.What’syourwork?
25、70.Manyawriterofnewspaperarticles____towritingnovels.
    A.hasturned    奥鹏作业答案

    D.aregoingtoturn
    C.beingturned
    B.haveturned
26、71.Eithertheteachersorthepresident____themeeting.
    C.areattending
    A.attends
    D.haveattended
    B.attend
27、40.Salesgirl:Goodmorning!WhatcanIdoforyou?Customer:Yes,please.__________Canyousuggestsomelightandcoolmaterial?Salesgirl:WhataboutthatwhitecottonT-shirt?
    A.HowmuchdoyousellaT-shirt?
    B.Haveyouanysmallersize?
    C.I’mafraidthisT-shirtistoobigforme.
    D.I’dliketobuysomeT-shirt.
28、27.Ourgovernmentstronglyholdstheprinciplewewill______bethefirsttousenuclearweapons.
    C.bynomeans
    B.byallmeans
    D.byeverymeans
    A.byanymeans
29、69.Ahorseandcarriage____notmuchusednowadays.
    B.are
    A.is
    C.were
    D.istobe
30、73.Noneofyourprojects____.
    D.areworkedout
    B.workout
    C.isworkedout
    A.workingout
31、5.Janet:Canwetalkforasecond?Amy:__________Janet:Well,sortof.Yes.
    B.Whereshallwemeet?
    A.Sorry,Iambusyatthemoment.
    C.Sure,isthereanythingwrong?
    D.WhatcanIdoforyou?
32、4.Larry:Ihatethenastyweatherinthisseasonoftheyear.Amy:Nowonderyoulooksodepressed.Larry:Yeah,__________
    E.A.Ican"tagreemore.
    C.Thanksforsayingthat.
    B.Ifeelundertheweather.
    D.Itisnoneofyourbusiness.
33、61.Breadandbutter____whatAmericansusuallyhaveforbreakfast.
    C.was
    B.is
    D.were
    A.are
34、14.Notuntilactuallyfacedwithwaterscarcity______appreciatethevalueofwatertoaregion.
    A.onecan
    B.onecannot
    C.canone
    D.cannotone
35、67.Everymeans____triedbutwithnoend.
    A.havebeen
    C.hasbeen
    B.havehad
    D.are
36、1.Scarlet:I'dliketobuyatickettoDetroit.Clerk:______Scarlet:Iamnotsure.Whatisthedifference?
    A.Round-triporOne-way?
    B.Goahead.
    D.AreyoulivinginDetroit?
    C.WhatcanIdoforyou?
37、9.Jack:Wouldyoumindpassingmethepaperforme,Henry?Henry:__________,hereyouare.
    B.Yes,Imind
    C.I’dliketohelp,butIamafraidthatIcannot
    A.Sure,mypleasure
    D.Notatall
38、17.Althoughherefusedtoactonmysuggestion,hehadtoadmitthat______whatIsaid.
    C.itwassomethingas
    A.itwassomethingin
    D.therewassomethingin
    B.therewassomethingas
39、29.Beingawareofthepotentialobjections,theylauncheda______reformatthebeginningstage.
    C.timid
    A.humble
    B.modest
    D.middle
40、15.Mostpeopledon’tthinkofastampasareceipt,butthatis______itreallyisaproofofjusthowmuchmoneyyoupaidinadvanceformaildelivery.
    A.boy...angel
    C.boy...angel’s
    B.boy’s...angel
    D.boy’s...angel’s
41、65.Manyachild____towalkbeforehecanspeak.
    A.learn
    C.learned
    B.learns
    D.havelearned
42、13.Onthelargeboardinthemainhalloftheairport,youcaneasilyfindthedifferentdestinations______whichairlinescantakeyou.
    C.B.of
    A.in
    D.by
    C.to
43、12.Itisillegalinsomecountriesthatchildren______unattendedathome.
    D.beingleft
    C.areleaving
    B.left
    A.beleft
44、36.Susan(wife):Itisabeautifulday.Let’sdosomething.Andy(son):__________Nathan(father):I’msorry,butI’mbusytoday.Ihavetowork.
    A.No,Iamnotfeelinglikedoinganything.
    C.Icangorollerblading(滑冰)withJack.
    D.Whatshallwedo?
    B.Howaboutgoingtothebeachtogether?
45、19.Inhislecture,theeducationexpertemphasizedthefactthatnowadayschildrenareexposedtomanyinfluences______thatoftheirfamilies.
    D.butfor
    A.ratherthan
    B.otherthan
    C.exceptfor
46、68.Myhouseandhome____at108Maryland.
    C.were
    B.is
    D.isbeing
    A.are
47、30.Theunionthreatenedastrikebutcalledit______atthelastminute.
    D.Up
    C.back
    A.off
    B.out
48、21.AccordingtotheConstitution,anynationalagreementhastobe______byatwo-thirdsmajorityinparliament.
    B.appointed
    A.approached
    C.approved
    D.appreciated
49、72.Neitherofyoursuggestions____sense.
    D.aremade
    C.ismade
    B.make
    A.makes
50、11.Anewmaterial______,wehavegoodreasontobeoptimistic.
    B.beingdeveloped
    C.wasbeingdeveloped
    D.wasdeveloped
    A.developed
51、22.Theissueofe-commercedidnot______anydetaileddiscussionsattheconference.
    C.givewayto
    A.takedelightin
    D.takeadvantageof
    B.giveriseto
52、28.Thetwosoldiersspentmanyyearstogether,fighting______andsharingtheirvictoriesanddisappointments.
    A.facetoface
    B.sidebyside
    D.stepbystep
    C.backtoback
53、39.Mary:Happybirthdaytoyou,Kate.Thisisforyou.Kate:__________
    A.Thankyousomuch.Howniceofyou!
    B.Howmuchisit?
    C.Sorry,Ihaven’tgotanygiftforyou.
    D.Oh,it’sawatch.
54、Passage2Sincewearesocialbeings,thequalityofourlivesdependsinlargemeasureonourinterpersonalrelationships.Onestrengthofthehumanconditionisourtendencytogiveandreceivesupportfromoneanotherunderstressfulcircumstances.Socialsupportconsistsoftheexchangeofresourcesamongpeoplebasedontheirinterpersonalties.Thoseofuswithstrongsupportsystemsappearbetterabletocopewithmajorlifechangesanddailyhassles(困难).Peoplewithstrongsocialtieslivelongerandhavebetterhealththanthosewithoutsuchties.Studiesoverarangeofillnesses,fromdepressiontoheartdisease,revealthatthepresenceofsocialsupporthelpspeoplefendoff(挡开)illness,andtheabsenceofsuchsupportmakespoorhealthmorelikely.Socialsupportcushionsstressinanumberofways.First,friends,relatives,andco-workersmayletusknowthattheyvalueus.Ourself-respectisstrengthenedwhenwefeelacceptedbyothersdespiteourfaultsanddifficulties.Second,otherpeopleoftenprovideuswithinformationalsupport.Theyhelpustodefineandunderstandourproblemsandfindsolutionstothem.Third,wetypicallyfindsocialcompanionshipsupportive.Engaginginleisure-timeactivitieswithothershelpsustomeetoursocialneedswhileatthesametimedistracting(转移...注意力)usfromourworriesandtroubles.Finally,otherpeoplemaygiveusinstrumentalsupport—financialaid,materialresources,andneededservices—thatreducesstressbyhelpingusresolveandcopewithourproblems.
    C.dependsontheirabilitytodealwithdailyworriesandtroubles</p><p>
    A.reliesonthehelptheygetformothers</p><p>
    D.iscloselyrelatedtotheirstrengthforcopingwithmajorchangesintheirlives</p><p>
    B.hasmuchtodowiththeamountofsupporttheygetfromothers</p><p>
    B.itenablesustoeliminateourfaultsandmistakes</p><p>
    C.itmakesourleisure-timeactivitiesmoreenjoyable</p><p>
    A.ithelpsstrengthenourtieswithrelatives</p><p>
    D.itdrawsourattentionawayfromourworriesandtroubles</p><p>
    A.instrumentalsupport</p><p>
    D.financialaid</p><p>
    C.socialcompanionship</p><p>
    B.informationalsupport</p><p>
    D.Laysthefoundationfor.</p><p>
    B.Doesawaywith.</p><p>
    C.Lessenstheeffectof.</p><p>
    A.Addsupto.</p><p>
    B.theywakenpeople&quot;sdesiretoexchangeresources</p><p>
    D.theycancurearangeofillnessessuchasheartdisease,etc.</p><p>
    A.theyareindispensabletopeople&quot;ssocialwell-being</p><p>
    C.theyhelppeopletocopewithlifeintheinformationera</p><p>
55、Passage4Spaceisadangerousplace,notonlybecauseofmeteors(流星)butalsobecauseofraysfromthesunandotherstars.Theatmosphereagainactsasourprotectiveblanketonearth.Lightgetsthrough,andthisisessentialforplantstomakethefood,whichweeat.Heat,too,makesourenvironmentendurable.Variouskindsofrayscomethroughtheairfromouterspace,butenormousquantitiesofradiationfromthesunarescreenedoff.Assoonasmenleavetheatmospheretheyareexposedtothisradiationbuttheirspacesuitsorthewallsoftheirspacecraft,iftheyareinside,dopreventalotofradiationdamage.Radiationisthegreatestknowndangertoexplorersinspace.Theunitofradiationiscalled“rem”.Scientistshavereasontothinkthatamancanputupwithfarmoreradiationthan0.1remwithoutbeingdamaged;thefigureof60remshasbeenagreedon.Thetroubleisthatitisextremelydifficulttobesureaboutradiationdamage-apersonmayfeelperfectlywell,butthecellsofhisorhersexorgansmaybedamaged,andthiswillnotbediscovereduntilthebirthofdeformed(畸形的)childrenorevengrandchildren.MissionsoftheApolloflightshavehadtocrossbeltsofhighradiationand,duringtheoutwardandreturnjourneys;theApollocrewaccumulatedalargeamountofrems.Sofar,nodangerousamountsofradiationhavebeenreported,buttheApollomissionshavebeenquiteshort.Wesimplydonotknowyethowmenaregoingtogetonwhentheyspendweeksandmonthsoutsidetheprotectionoftheatmosphere,workinginaspacelaboratory.Drugsmighthelptodecreasethedamagedonebyradiation,butnoreallyeffectiveoneshavebeenfoundsofar.
    ?C.EffectsofSpaceRadiation</p><p>
    D.ImportanceProtectionagainstRadiation</p><p>
    ?B.ResearchonRadiation</p><p>
    ?A.AstronautsintheOuterSpace</p><p>
    A.isinsignificant</p><p>
    B.seemsoverestimated</p><p>
    C.isenormous</p><p>
    D.remainsunknown</p><p>
    B.theeffectofexposuretoradiationisslowincoming</p><p>
    C.radiationisavoidableinspaceexploration</p><p>
    D.astronautsinspacesuitsneedn’tworryaboutradiationdamage</p><p>
    </p><p>A.exposuretoeventinyamountsofradiationisfatal</p><p>
    C.astronautswillhavedeformedchildrenorgrandchildren</p><p>
    D.radiationisnotathreattowell-protectedspaceexplorers</p><p>
    B.protectionfromspaceradiationisnoeasyjob</p><p>
    A.theApollomissionwasverysuccessful</p><p>
    C.itsuppliestheheatnecessaryforhumansurvival</p><p>
    D.itscreensoffthefallingmeteors</p><p>
    A.itprotectshimagainsttheharmfulraysfromspace</p><p>
    B.itprovidessufficientlightforplantgrowth</p><p>
56、Passage3Whencarsfirststartedappearingonthestreetsoftheworld,fewpeopletookthemseriously.Theyweretoys—playthingsforgrownmenwhodidn’thavemuchtodo.Noonethoughtthattheautomobilewouldeverbecometheworld’smostpopularformoftransportation.Thereseemsnevertohavebeenacivilizationwithouttoys,butwhenandhowtheydevelopedisunknown.Theyprobablycameaboutjusttogivechildrensomethingtodo.Intheancientworld,asistoday,mostboysplayedwithsomekindsoftoysandmostgirlswithanother.Insocietieswheresocialrolesarerigidlydetermined,boyspatterntheirplayaftertheactivitiesoftheirfathersandgirlsafterthetasksoftheirmothers.Thisistruebecauseboysandgirlsarebeingprepared,eveninplay,tostepintotherolesandresponsibilitiesoftheadultworld.Whatisremarkableaboutthehistoryoftoysisnotsomuchhowtheychangedoverthecenturiesbuthowmuchtheyhaveremainedthesame.Thechangeshavebeenmostlyintermsofcraftsmanship,mechanics,andtechnology.Itistheuniversalityoftoyswithregardtotheirdevelopmentinallpartsoftheworldandtheirpersistencetothepresentthatisamazing.InEgypt,theAmericas,China,JapanandamongtheArctic(北极的)peoples,generallythesamekindsoftoysappeared.Variationsdependedonlocalcustomsandwaysoflifebecausetoysimitatetheirsurroundings.Nearlyeverycivilizationhaddolls,littleweapons,toysoldiers,tinyanimalsandvehicles.Becausetoyscanbegenerallyregardedasakindofartform,theyhavenotbeensubjecttotechnologicalleapsthatcharacterizeinventionsforadultuse.Theprogressfromthewheeltotheoxcarttotheautomobileisadirectlineofascent(进步).Theprogressfromarattle(拨浪鼓)usedbyababyin3000BCtooneusedbyaninfanttoday,however,isnotcharacterizedbyinventiveness.Eachrattleistheproductoftheartistictastesofthetimesandsubjecttothelimitationsofavailablematerials.
    ?A.intoy-makingthereisacontinuityinthesueofmaterials</p><p>
    ?D.evenasimpletoycanmirrortheartistictastesofthetime</p><p>
    ?B.eventhesimplesttoyscanreflecttheprogressoftechnology</p><p>
    C.itoftentakesalongtimetointroducenewtechnologyintotoy-making</p><p>
    D.mostgirlswouldliketofollowtheirmothers’professions</p><p>
    C.boysliketoplaywiththeirfatherswhilegirlswiththeirmothers</p><p>
    B.mostboyswouldliketofollowtheirfathers’professions</p><p>
    A.theirsocialrolesarerigidlydetermined</p><p>
    B.Toyshaveremainedbasicallythesameallthroughthecenturies.</p><p>
    C.Thetoyindustryhaswitnessedgreatleapsintechnologyinrecentyears.</p><p>
    D.Toysareplayinganincreasinglyimportantroleinshapingachild’scharacter.</p><p>
    A.Thecraftsmanshipintoy-makinghasremainedessentiallyunchanged.</p><p>
    B.alsoappealgreatlytoadults</p><p>
    |D.reflectthepaceofsocialprogress</p><p>
    C.arenotcharacterizedbytechnologicalprogress</p><p>
    A.followadirectlineofascent</p><p>
    D.thebasiccharacteristicsoftoysarethesametheworldover</p><p>
    A.technologicaladvanceshavegreatlyimprovedthedurabilityoftoys</p><p>
    B.theimprovementofcraftsmanshipinmakingtoysdependsontheeffortsof</p><p>universities</p><p>
    C.theexplorationoftheuniversehadledtothecreationofnewkindsoftoys</p><p>
57、Passage1TheUnitedStatescoversalargepartoftheNorthAmericancontinent.ItsneighborsareCanadatothenorthandMexicotothesouth.AlthoughtheUnitedStatesisabigcountry,itisnotthelargestintheworld.In2000,itspopulationwasover222million.Whenthislandfirstbecameanation,afterwinningitsindependencefromEngland,ithadthirteenstates.EachofthestateswasrepresentedontheAmericanflagbyastar.Allthesestateswereintheeasternpartofthecontinent.Asthenationgrewtowardthewest,newstateswereaddedandnewstarsappearedontheflag.Foralongtime,therewere48stars.In1959,however,twomorestarswereaddedtotheflag,representingthenewstatesofAlaskaandHawaii.IndianswerethefirstpeopleofthelandwhichisnowtheUnitedStates.TherearestillmanythousandsofIndiansnowlivinginallpartsofthecountry.SometimesitissaidthattheIndiansare“theonlyrealAmericans”.MostAmericanscomefromallovertheworld.ThosewhocamefirstingreatestnumberstomaketheirhomesontheeasterncoastofNorthAmericaweremostlyfromEngland.ItisforthatreasonthatthelanguageoftheUnitedStatesisEnglishandthatitscultureandcustomsaremorelikethoseofEnglandthanthoseofanyothercountryintheworld.
    B.TheUnitedStatesliesnexttoCanadaandMexico.</p><p>
    A.Americaisthelargestcountryintheworld.
    C.AmericacoversmostpartoftheNorthAmericancontinent.</p><p>
    D.MexicoistothenorthofCanada.
    C.fifty;thislandfirstbecameanation</p><p>
    A.thirteen;1959</p><p>
    B.fifty;1959</p><p>
    D.fifty;1964</p><p>
    ?A.TheStatesofAmerica</p><p>
    ?</p><p>B.TheLanguageofAmerica</p><p>
    D.TheCultureandCustomsofAmerica</p><p>
    ?C.TheUnitedStatesofAmerica</p><p>
    D.tookoverpartsofCanadaandMexico</p><p>
    B.madeIndiapartofitsland</p><p>
    C.mainlydevelopedwestward</p><p>
    A.hadnothingtodowithEngland</p><p>
    A.EnglishisthenativelanguageoftheIndians.</p><p>
    D.CanadaisAmerica’snearestneighbor.</p><p>
    C.MostofthepeoplewhofirstsettledinAmericawerefromEngland.</p><p>
    B.MostAmericanscomefromallovertheworld.</p><p>
58、71.Doyouhaveanappointmentwithmypresident?
59、62.Thoughitwaslate,theykeptonworking.
60、假设你将参加某英文杂志开展的一次征文活动,要求你在电视、手机和网络三者当中,放弃其中的一个并陈述理由。请你以“WhichWouldYouGiveUp:TV,CellorWeb?”为题写出一篇不少于80词的短文。
西南大学作业答案
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